# Whale by USD Balance

## Description

We define an address as a whale if the address holds a specific amount of money in a coin. The minimum amount of money required depends on the coin's market capitalization. For example, if the coin's market capitalization is $100B, we label addresses holding a worth of$6.9M in this coin as whales.

Notes:

• For each erc20 asset whale labels are computed separately.

• Whales are computed for coins with a minimum capitalization of $1M. • Thresholds and labels are recomputed daily. ## Rationale Despite the common intuition behind the definition of a whale being very simple - someone who owns a large amount of money - it can be difficult to distinguish between a whale and a non-whale address in practice. While there are many valid definitions of a whale, Santiment believes that a whale is an address that has the ability to influence the entire market with its stake. This implies an important consequence: the threshold between a whale and a non-whale is context-dependent, meaning it depends on the specific market. For example, imagine a low-cap coin with a total capitalization of$100k. An address holding $10k worth of that token would be considered quite large. On the other hand,$10k in ETH would be considered negligible.

Given this, we can conclude that the line between a whale and a non-whale is not fixed. Furthermore, there is a logical connection with a coin's market capitalization. The higher the market capitalization, the larger the balance required to be classified as a whale.

## Methodology

To mathematically define the relationship between market cap and whale threshold, we consulted an expert. Given the coin and its market cap, we determined the minimum sufficient balance for a whale. After analyzing the data, we reached the following conclusions:

• The threshold increases as the market cap increases.
• The relationship between market cap and threshold is not linear.
• The function relating market cap and threshold appears to be logarithmic.

Further analysis led us to establish a strict mathematical relationship between a coin's market capitalization and the minimum sufficient whale balance:

Finally, we determine whether an address is considered a whale based on the amount of money they hold in a specific coin. The minimum amount required depends on the coin's market capitalization.

## Threshold Examples

CapitalizationMinimal Whale Balance
$1,000B$16,6M
$500B$14M
$100B$6,9M
$50B$4,8M
$10B$2M
$5B$1,3M
$1B$500k
$500M$329k
$100M$124k
$50M$81k
$10M$30k
$1M$7.3k

## Label fqn

santiment/whale_usd_balance({asset_name}):v1

• E.g. santiment/whale_usd_balance(ethereum):v1